Pearl Harbor Navy Base
If you talk about the recent history of Pearl Harbor, every event includes the U.S. Navy. In fact, the U.S. Navy and Pearl Harbor go back over 100 years. It was in the 1860′s that the Navy established a coaling station in Honolulu to refuel coal burning ships of the time. In 1887 a treaty was signed with King David Kalākaua granting the United States exclusive rights to Pearl Harbor. Permission was given to construct a coaling station and repair facilities inside the harbor. It was in 1898, with the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, that the importance of Pearl Harbor became apparent. One year later, a Naval Coal Depot was built and dredging a channel into the harbor was started. With the acquisition of 693 acres of land at Kuahua Island in 1901, the Naval Supply Center was established.
Today, Naval Base Pearl Harbor remains one of the Navy’s most important bases in the Pacific. It covers over 12,000 acres (land & water) and serves as headquarters for five major fleet commands, including the Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet. There are 27,500 active duty personnel (Navy & Marines) assigned and when you add family members and civilian employee’s, the community approaches 81,000.